I’ve got used to pronouncing it with a soft “j” – something between a hard “j” (as in “John”) and a “y” as in “yonder”. I can’t think of an English word equivalent. Perhaps “Beijing” is an example.
I have largely followed those used in “Mah-Jong (Know the Game)” by Gwyn Headley and Yvonne Seeley – the official reference for the BMJA rules. Notice the selective capitalisation.
|Mah-Jong||Mah-Jong, call ‘Mah-Jong!’, one for Mah-Jong, fishing, calling, calling hand|
|the wall||wall, the Great Wall of China, live wall, dead wall, kong box, loose tile, call ‘Pow!’|
|accessories||dice, racks, tallies, wind discs, Tong box, Chuang-tzu|
|Winds||Wind, prevailing Wind, Wind of the round, own Wind, Wind positions, Wind tiles, East Wind, South Wind, West Wind, North Wind, all four Winds, East Wind numbered 1, etc.|
|Dragons||Dragon, Dragons, Red Dragon, Green Dragon, White Dragon, all three Dragons|
|suits||suit, Bamboos, Circles, Characters, 1s, 2s, 3s, 4s, 5s, 6s, 7s, 8s, 9s, 1 Bamboos, 2 Bamboos, (not 2 of Bamboos), etc., 1 Circles, 2 Circles, etc., 1 Characters, 2 Characters, etc., one of each 1, one of each 9, seven pairs of 1s / 9s, a run from 2 to 8|
|bonus tiles||bonus tiles, Flowers, Flower tiles, Seasons, Season tiles, Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter, bonus points, bouquet, the four Flowers/Seasons numbered 1 to 4|
|major/minor||major tile(s), minor tile(s), honour tile(s)|
|sets||sets, exposed, concealed, chow, pung, kong, a pair, chowed, punged, konged, call ‘Chow!’, call ‘Pung!’, call ‘Kong!’, rob the kong, robbing the kong|
|special hands||special hand, All pair honours, All Winds and Dragons, Buried treasure, Four blessings hovering over the door, Fourfold plenty, Heads and tails, Imperial jade, Knitting, Purity, The thirteen unique wonders, The wriggling snake, Three great scholars, Triple knitting, limit, the limit|
|goulash||wash-out, goulash, joker tiles, jokers, wild|